Sugar cane manufacturing is a tedious process but the best sugar cane manufacturing is in Brazil under argronomic management practices which improve productivity and efficiency. The best ways of producing quality sugar cane also focuses on key cultivation methods so here are a few:
Low Soil Erosion
The best sugar cane has relatively low levels of soil loss, due to the semi-perennial nature of crushing sugar cane. The plant has the capability of growing many times over after it’s cut as well as the juice of the plant can be extracted. Sugar cane is only replanted every six to seven years due to its amazing growth characteristics. The sugar cane industries around the world also emphasize on sugar cane harvesting best practice that preserves the soil stability while producing 85 tons of sugar cane per hectare. They utilize methods such as crop rotation with soy beans and peanuts, green fertilization by planting cover crops or using remaining sugar cane straw after mechanized harvesting strategies.
Minimum Water Use
Sugar cane requires an abundance of water and cannot be grown in drought stricken areas. Water accounts for most of the sugar cane’s weight so a significant amount of water is necessary to be stored inside the mill which enables the cane to grow. New technologies will allow for more efficient use of water as 95 percent of water consumed will be reused, making sugar cane an ecofriendly plant of the future.
Reduced Use of Agrochemicals
Nowadays research programs around the world rid of fungicides and pests. They utilize naturally enhanced genetic programs too. A few industrialized fertilizers are used and fewer other chemicals are used due to innovative use of organic fertilizer. Sugar cane mills utilize sugar cane harvesting losses like filter cakes and vinasse instead of traditional fertilizer.
Pre harvest sugarcane is slowly being eradicated and is the pinnacle to reduced air pollution as for centuries, the sugar cane fields around the world have been burned to remove sugarcane straw, drive away snakes and other potentially poisonous animals. The need for mechanized harvesting has reduced the need to burn the fields. This method eliminates the hazard to the environment. Stricter enforcement and new emission laws and regulations for bio electrical generators and boilers have contributed to the reduction in smoke emissions in sugar cane mills.
Sugar cane is a vital source of food that contains high nutritional value and the production of sugar cane is an ever surging field; governments and manufacturers should improve on better harvesting practices and take the production of sugar cane to the next level.